Alpines S-Z

Prices for plants will vary, depending if a plant self-seeds gently or much human intervention is necessary, such as stem cutting, root cutting, a lengthy germination process or just a very slow grower OR very hard to find…rare! Occasionally a very rare plant will be offered and it will be priced according to our ability to propagate it. Prices will range from $5.00 to $9.00.

Of an extra note: Some Sedums will be listed here, BUT the Semperviviums will have their own section, as there are just too many to include here without overwhelming this section.

Presently, we are re-planting, re-working and recording our complete inventory. Please bear with us as we progress through this huge challenge. ….Mandy Botincan

1. Salix arctica – (aka Arctic Willow, aka Rock Willow) Thrives in the N. A. tundra, above the tree line. This tiny creeper has adapted to Arctic and subarctic habitat, preferring dry, cold open places. Ground hugger with small ovate, smooth on top, hairy beneath and gently quilted leaves. Delicate buds are different colors from cream to deep red. Grow lean in a rocky, free draining area. Prune where necessary. 2″ x 30″   
2. Salix ‘Marion’s Willow’ – Received this one from Lost Horizon in 2004. Leaves are smooth, light green, lanceolate…very typical “green willow”. Prostrate low lying form with yellow stems and pink/yellow catkins. Pruning is recommended. 5″ x 30″    AV
3. Saponaria pulvinaris – From Turkey. Impressive congested mat of linear rich green  leaves. Dusty pink tubular flowers congregate en mass, at terminal ends, totally surrounding the entire wee mound. Grow in lean free draining soils, with retentive moisture. Be warned…has very long taproot. 1″ x 7″
4. Saponaria pumilo – From the E. Alps and SE Carpathian Mtns. Unlike the variety mentioned above, this gem forms dense soft (not congested) mounds. Leaves are emerald green and linear. Flowers are larger, more open faced silene like, 2 toned pink, borne on terminal ends and in some cases cover the entire mound if happy. 3″ x 6″   
5. Satureja montana nana alba – (aka Wintery Savory) From southern Europe. A slow growing semi-prostrate, woodie with stiff lanceolate aromatic grey green leaves. Leaves will turn reddish/burgundy in cool temps, drop when winter arrives and regrow in spring. Do not prune. Long lasting flowers are white wee dragons with a few fine purple stripes found in the upper lip. Hardy and long lived by us.  10″ x 10″
6. Satureja spinosa – (aka Pygmy Savory, aka Crete Mountain Savory) A spiny little procumbent shrublet comprised of stiff lance like fragrant leaves. When happy mound will be covered with starry white flowers in early fall. Grow in a scree for best view.  2″ x 9″
7. Saxifraga aizoon – (aka White Mountain Saxifraga) Native to N. A.. An unusual and rare “old” form, in that dense mounds offer encrusted rosettes with far more white shading overall, compared to others in the “Sax. paniculata” family where many felt this one was identical to. For now I have kept it separate until proven otherwise. Noted mostly for its leaf form as flowers have not shown to be as reliable.   
8. Saxifraga ‘Athena’ – Eventually forms a small mound of gorgeous mineral encrusted rosettes. From these emerge bright rose red stems offering wee white flowers. Pure suspense!
9. Saxifraga ‘August Hayek’ – A hard encrusted dome of rosettes. Flowers are en mass and large white.
10. Saxifraga cochlearis minor – super large low mound former using 100’s of tiny blue/grey green encrusted rosettes to do it. Flowers stand proudly over bearing loose clusters of pristine white.    AV
11. Saxifraga cotyledon – From granite formations in Iceland, Scandinavia, Alps and Pyrenees. Large 3″- 5″ rosettes of broad, strap-like finely serrated, with chalk mark edged leaves. From the center of some rosettes emerge huge panicles of white flower clusters on longish stems. Once flowering is complete, rosette dies to give strength to “daughters”. Can form large mounds over time.  24″ x 10″    AV
12. Saxifraga crustata – (aka Encrusted Sax., aka Silver Sax.) From limestone rockeries in the eastern Alps, Dolomites and northern Yugoslavia. This variety forms dense mounds of dark green, narrow, heavily lime encrusted rosettes, from which erupt panicles of starry white red spotted flowers on slender ?red stems.    
13. Saxifraga oppositifolia – (aka Purple Mountain Saxifraga) From Arctic America and damp rocky screes! Tiny prostrate mats comprised of stiff ovate dark green leaved rosettes with hairy edges. In early spring (in the arctic) solitary, almost stemless cup-shaped deep purple to light rose large flowers emerge. If plants find area generous in drainage and minerals, flowers arrive en mass.  1″ x 5″
14. Saxifraga paniculata (various forms) – Native to N. A., south and central Europe and Asia. There are numerous variations within this very diverse family. General form: dense mounds of modestly encrusted small to medium sized dark blue/green basal rosettes made up of elliptic or oblong leaves. Panicles of white flowers emerge from rosette centers on tallish stems.   6″-18″ x 5′-16″     AV
15. Saxifraga sieberi – History seems unavailable. Low mounds of encrusted blue/green rosettes with numerous neat panicles of white flowers that seem too large for their base.   10″ x 5″     AV
16. Saxifraga urbium variegata – (aka Saxifraga umbrosa variegata) Forms loose colonies of clusters low rosettes. Each rosette a masterpiece comprised of gold and green splashing on obovate crenate shaped leaves. Pink and white flowers on dainty stems, take a back seat to the foliage.   6″ x 14″
17. Saxifraga ‘Winifred Bevington’ – Possibly a stabilized hybrid, released in the 1980’s. Compact low mat former with glossy green flat rosettes, bearing thick crenate leaves. Red stems emerge offering panicles of white and hot rose spotted flowers in early summer.  8″ x 4″
18. Scabiosa japonica v. alpina – (aka Dwarf Pincushion Flower) A soft mound former of lanceolate and heavily pedated grey/green leaves. Flowers are soft pink round “pincushions” on short stems. Very reliable and hardy here.   7″ x 8″
19. Scutellaria alpina – (aka Alpine Sckullcap) Very drought resistant alpine, bearing procumbent radiating stems and dark green ovate soft leaves. Flowers are fair sized purple and white “dragon heads” crowding terminal ends. Will self seed randomly.  6″ x 12″
20. Scutellaria orientalis ssp. pinnatifida – Low mounds are quite loose and eventually creep away. Tiny dark grey/green glossy deeply indented leaves are affixed to woody procumbent reddish brown stems. Flowers are once again elongated “dragon heads” of butter yellow appearing on terminal ends.  2″ x 14″
21. Sedum aff. purdyi – (aka Sedum spathulifolium Hook ssp. purdyi, aka Purdy’s Stonecrop) What a cutie! Tiny glossy blue/green perfectly compressed rosettes that form delicate red runners, ending in more tiny rosettes, when happy. From the center of these rosettes will shoot out tallish red stems, ending in a cluster of golden stars. 3″ x 4″  AV
22. Sedum album – (aka Coral Carpet, aka White Stonecrop)) Another long time resident of our gritty “water” moat. Seeds out when ever we are not looking. Stems are quite congested, prostate…making plants super low ground cover. 3/4″ long “leafy fingers” are elongated and fleshy. New growth arrives in the shade of coral. Later changing to green and finally to burgundy red/green in the cold fall temps. Mid summer finds masses of short stems bearing clusters of white to pale pink star flowers. 3″ x 10″    AV
23. Sedum dasyphyllum glanduliferum burnatii – The tiniest and lowest of the low. “Leaves” are super tiny, tight glandular fleshy clusters of blue/mauve that break apart at the slightest touch. (I have been known to “suction” these when I didn’t want them somewhere!) Chubby star like flowers are almost stemless in whitish pink tones. Place in lean, mean soils. 1″ x 10″     AV
24. Sedum divergens – (aka Spreading Stonecrop, aka Cascade Stonecrop, aka Old Man’s Bones) Native to B C and Washington’s mountainous coastline. Found along rocky outcrops and cliffs. Now if you can’t afford pearls and diamonds, try running these wee fleshy round “beads” through your fingers. Flowers are once again golden stars on top of short reddish stems. A succulent that spreads by root nodes, forming low mats over time. Not a terrific spreader by me.  3″ x 5″    AV
25. Sedum obtusifolium – Believe it is native to Iran! An evergreen comprised of large deep-seated stemless rosettes of large fleshy flat thick light green leaves. Flowers are large hot pink with white centers, when happy. Slow spreader. Very hardy! Zone 2!  3″ x 5″   
26. Sedum olbliquufolium – I believe this to be the same variety as the one described above. 3″ x 5″   
27. Sedum rupestre ‘Blue Spruce’ – (aka Reflexed Stonecrop, aka Blue Stonecrop, aka Sedum Reflexum) Native to northern, central and S W Europe. This var. has a prostrate, spreading form bearing stiff foliage resembling spruce branches. Leaves are usually blue/green on stems ending in flower clusters of bright yellow stars.  7″ x 10″   
28. Sedum rupestre “Cristata” – (aka Sedum “Tortuosum”) This form appears to be modestly stable through  a genetic deviant growth called “Fasication”. Leaves will be spruce like in form, but they are instead deep emerald green. The stems on the other hand develop a “pad/crest like” flat form that gets larger further away from the plant’s base. Sometimes, stems will revert back and forth as the season passes. Strange and odd.  7″ x 8″  
29. Sedum spurium ‘Dragon’s Blood’ – Has always been around here since 1985. A semi-evergreen deep green ground cover with crenate edged, ovate leavers that turn a lovely deep burgundy red when temperatures dictate. Flowers on terminal ends arrive mid-summer in deep ruby red stars. Best grown in a larger rock garden with poor soils in hot, dry sites. Sometimes small plants will show up all by themselves.  4″ x 24″    AV
31. Semi-aquilegia ecalcarata – (aka False Columbine) Native to the open woodlands of China. A graceful, tall mound forming, airy species with finely divided, ferny looking leaves. Offering dainty, pendulous, nodding (spur-less columbine like) deep violet to wine purple/blue flowers in early summer.  12″ x 12″
31. Silene acaulis ‘alba’ – (aka White Moss Champion) A true Arctic Alpine. Forms a tight, hard, low evergreen mound of emerald green small narrow leaves. Mid summer pop up stemless notched large white 5 petaled flowers. Likes dry and sunny conditions with a deep root run in tight rock crevices. 1″ x 10″   
32. Silene acaulis ‘Grand Ridge’ – Exactly as above, except flowers are stemless and mauve/pink.  1″ x 10″     AV
33. Silene alpestris – (aka Heliosperma alpestre) A loose, more airy mound former with elongated lance like green leaves. Flowers are also white, more serrated on the petals on tallish stems. Lives long when happy.  8″ x 8″ AV
34. Silene keiskei – Native of Japan’s mtns. Mound forming tufts of slender hairy stems bearing smooth lanceolated green lvs. On top sit large deep rose/pink notched petaled  flowers.  5″ x 5″
35. Silene maritima – The most reliable of them all. Leaves are oblong and blue/grey, forming a modestly loose mound. Arising from within, semi-procumbent stems bearing the typical white large “catch-fly’ flowers.  5″ x 8”
36. Silene saxifraga – European Native. Quite different from other family members, having loose large deep emerald green grassy form of leaves and stems. Tiny flowers are pristine white and delivered “en mass”. Will seed out gently.  10″ x 10″
37. Silene zawadskii – (aka Zawadski’s Catch Fly) From Ireland! I brought this one home from a GH, many “moons” ago. For 7 years, I COULD NOT find its proper name…yet I knew it was named wrong! Forms large basal rosettes of bright green obovate/lanceolate leaves, from which arise longish stems, bearing large white funnel form flowers. Seeds out gently, eventually forming a large colony. 12″ x 6″    AV
38. Sisyrinchium angustifolium – (aka Blue Eyed Grass) Native to meadows, and woodland edges. Member of the Iris fam. Leaves are narrow and dark green. Flowers are blue stars with contrasting yellow eyes, that end in round seed capsules. Self seeds around. 8″ x 5″   AV
39. Soldonella minima – Native to several European mtn. ranges. Found growing in woods, damp pastures and rocky landscapes. Simple basal rosette of oval, leathery, glossy, deep green leaves with flower stalks emerging from the center. Each offering from 1 to 5 pendulous, fringed, tubular white to pale lav. flowers.
40. Solidago multiradicatum var. arctica – (aka S. algida, aka S. cusichii, aka S. dilalata, aka Northern Goldenrod, aka Rocky Mountain Goldenrod) Stiff, erect (occ. procumbent) stems arise from a “community” basal rosette. Leaves are linear/oblanceolate to spatulate with some serrated/crenate edging. Golden yellow flowers are dense, round topped combs or elongated clusters. Mounds can range from 3″-8″ tall and 5-8″ wide.  
41. Solidago spathulata var. nana – (aka S. simplex ssp. simplex var. nana, aka S. decumbens, aka Alpine Goldenrod, aka Dune Goldenrod, aka Dwarf Goldenrod) Loose basel rosettes of thick light green, glossy leathery leaves that are ovate/elongated and heavily serrated. From centers arise single thick stems offering over-sized combs of golden yellow flower clusters.  8″ x 8″    AV
42. Statice tatarica – (aka German Statice, aka Goniolimon tatarica, aka Limonium tatarica) Intro. in 1731! Large basal rosette of leathery lanceolate leaves. Intricately branched stiff stems emerge in mid-summer, forming a dense “airy” mass, from a profusion of tiny white flowers. An everlasting of silvery spike-lets for cutting! Plants develop a very long taproot. 14″ x 14″
43. Symphyandra wanneri – Elegant relative of the Campanula. Initially a large rosette of glossy emerald green heavily serrated leaves form, from which arise a single”branchy” red stem offer loads of pendulous large royal blue bells. Sometimes plants are moncarpic, sometimes they behave perennial…at least for a couple of years. Always enough seed to keep your collection going.   8″ x 5″    AV
44. Talinum bevifolium – (aka Phemeranthus brevifolius, aka Pygmy Fame Flower, aka Cut Leaf fame Flower) Named by John Torrey in 1854. Super ground hugging mounds of “crowded” fleshy linear leaves. Flowers are super large, deep pink and stemless. Perfect for sand and gravelly sites in a depression with a cool root run.  2″ x 5″
45. Talinum calycinum – (aka Large Fame Flower, aka Rock Pink) Fleshy grassy like elongated leaves, forming a loose mound. Gorgeous rose pink, open faced flowers rise up tall on thin airy stems. Loves dryish growing conditions (shallow rocky soils) in full sun. 10″ x 5″
46. Teucrium subspinosum – (aka Tree Germander) A stiff bristly, spiny (but not sharp) condensed “branchy” cushion shrublet. Leaves are subulate sticks. Overall hue is bluish/grey. Flowers are open faced soft pink/mauve “dragons”. 8″ x 8″
47. Teucrium webbianum – found roaming the SE Mtns. of Spain. Plants are comprised of dark dusty grey green ovate crenate wee leaves on short spikes. Flowers are also dusty rose, delivered em mass. A shrubby mound creeper.  6″ x 12″    AV
48. Teucrium chamaedrys ‘Summer Sunshine’ – (aka Golden Wall Germander) Discovered as a sport of the green species by our very own Jack Broxholme of Burlington, Ontario in 1999! Lovely chartreuse crenate foliage (which may darken with summer’s age) on a low shrubby mound forming perennial. Later chubby spikes emerge with deep pink “dragon like” flowers in tow. Tolerant of most growing conditions.   6″ x 10″  
49. Thalictrum kusianum – (aka Dwarf Meadow Rue) Dainty lobed trifoliate foliage. Plants produce a profusion of loose pom pom like mauve flowers. Perfect for shady rock gardens with rich humsy soils.  10″ x 10″
50. Thalictrum isopyroides – Airy woodlander having dissected steel blue/green lvs. Flowers are pendulous, feathery, tiny, pale yellow/purple/brown. 16″ x 10″
51. Thaspi stylosum – From Central and S. Apennines (Alps) Leathery, thick, dark green leaves form a tight basal rosette type mound. Thick short stems display clusters of brassica type gorgeous pink/mauve flowers. 2″ x 5″
52. Thymus comosus – Found in the Mtns. of Romania. Have colonies of this var. for many years. Low mounds of glossy tight leaves bearing some burgundy tones. Flowers are bright lavender/rose borne on short spikes in elongated clusters. Seeds out gently.  3″ x 6″     AV
53. Thymus serpyllum ‘Highland Cream’ – (aka T. Hartington Silver, aka T. serpyllum Variegatus) Gorgeous slow growing evergreen ground cover. Glossy green leaves are edged in yellow/cream and offer a zesty lemon fragrance. Soon tiny pale pink flowers arrive en mass. 2″ x 10″   
54. Thymus pseudolanuginos – (aka Woolly Thyme) Super low mat creeper. Distinctive woolly/hairy grey/green leaves. Flowers arrive when happy, mauve/rose in small loose clusters.   1″ x 16″   
55. Thymus serpyllum ‘minus’ –(aka Elfin Thyme, aka T. serpyllum ‘Elfin’) Very dense glossy green foliage and mound former. Rare to see lav./pink tiny flowers. Excellent for crevices and broken pathways, as it tolerates some traffic.    AV
56. Thymus vulgaris ‘Wedgewood’ – (aka T. ‘English Wedgewood’) Dark green/grey attractive leaves with a small bright yellow spot. A compact shrub with gnarled woody stems and small pink flowers. Great for pots. Takes trimming well. Slightly sweet very flavorful thyme. 10″ x 10″    
57. Townsendia condensata – Found in many high scree areas of N.A. A small choice perennial with either white, pale pink or mauve stemless, over-sized, solitary, yellow centered daisy flowers. Leaves are narrow to broad spathulate grey/green covered by long woolly hairs. Many in this family require great drainage and preference to be planted at an angle to prevent rain pooling near its neck.  2″ x 3″   
58. Townsendia exscapa – from central Canada and US. Dwarf tufted rosette of slightly woolly grey/green slender leaves. Huge, stemless white to pale pink daisy flowers are offered either solitary or in multiples. Found in open barren plains.  2″ x 3″
59. Townsendia hookeri – (aka Hooker’s Townsendia, aka Easter Daisy) Found in Central and S. Sask. Choice among choice. Another stemless singly grown huge white/cream daisy with yellow disks, on a basal rosette of lanceolate narrow grey/green leaves with fine white hairs, giving it a “ghostly” appearance. Woody long taproot. Resides on dry hillsides in grasslands.   
60. Townsendia parryi – (aka Parry’s Townsendia) Slightly different as it forms a loose basal rosette of green/grey lanceolate leaves from where arise short stems of soft purple/blue toned large daisy flowers with bright yellow disks. Appears in an extensive range across Central and West areas of N.A. Seeds out well and will tolerate many different soil types.   6″ x 4″    AV
61. Townsendia rothrockii – One of the tightest mound formers of this extensive family. Some mounds bear as many as 6 to 8 stemless pale lavender/pink daisy flowers, having shorter petals than usual. Leaves are also grey/green, lanceolate and very tight. self seeds.  1″ x 4″    AV
62. Trollius pumilus – (aka Dwarf Globe flower) forms a loose mound of deeply lobed emerald glossy green leaves. Tiny stems later offer upright cupped buttercup yellow over-sized flowers. Will do well in full sun or semi-shade. Known to grown almost anywhere, even in Alaska!  5″ x 4″    AV
63. Tsuga canadensis minuta – (aka Miniature Canadian Hemlock) A slow growing hemlock…conifer that gets wider than tall. Longish dark green linear leaves on very congested branches. Many will have multiple trunks. Has shallow roots, therefore requires protection from excessive wind in open areas and drought. Mulch well.   12″ x 12″
64. Verbascum phoeniceum purpurea – Choice mullein. Large basal rosette of crinkly, ovate/lanceolate green leaves contrasted with burgundy edges and veins. Centrally a tallish raceme springs forth bearing plum/purple (larkspur like) flowers.  20″ x 6″
65. Veronica allionii – (aka Alpine Speedwell) Like a typical V. spicata, here is a compact mound of lanceolate and serrated dark green leafed, short stems bearing candle-like dark blue spikes. 6″ x 10″    AV
66. Veronica allionii ‘Blue Pixie’ – A tufted compact version of the above. Spikes are equally floriferous royal blue. A long lived, gentle creeper, seeding out gently.   4″ x 6″    AV
67. Veronica armena – Loose mound of fine linear (needle like) leaves on prostate stems. (The length of “needles” are more uniform than another similar variety) Flowers are typical, open faced med. blue with a white eye.  2″ x 10″    AV
68. Veronica bombycina ssp. bolkardaghensis – Leaves are silvery blue, tomentosed, forming very flat gorgeous mats of eye candy. Flowers are the palest baby blue, blooming en mass when real happy. Requires super drainage and will not tolerate long periods of cold and wet…dying out unexpectedly.   1″ x 6″    AV
69. Veronica caespitosa – Mounds of soft “hairy” green leaves and stems. Gorgeous deep lavender blue flowers arrive early summer covering entire plant so no green will show.  1″ x 6″   
70. Veronica filifolia – Received this one named thus, due to its clustered munches of irregular lengths of fine linear deep green leaves on prostate stems. Royal blue flowers blooming modestly (by me), contrasting elegantly with the overall plant.   2-3″ x 12″   
71. Veronica gentianoides – Medium sized dark green glabrous leafed rosettes, from which emerge singular or multiple spikes of lovely pale blue/white flowers. Forms fair sized colonies over time.   12″ x 3-20″   
72. Veronica (spicata) ‘Giles Van Hees’ – Loose mounds of lanceolate green leaves on short multiple stems, radiating from a central root stock. Flower spikes are a deep vibrant pink. Long bloomer.  10″ x 6″
73. Veronica pectinata ‘Rosea’ – (aka Woolly Red Veronica) A woolly leafed speedwell creeper for larger rock gardens, displaying unusual clusters of pink/rose flowers with white centers. Very hardy by us. 3″ x 16″    AV
74. Veronica prostata ‘Aztec Gold’ – awesome and unusual perennial mound former, offering chartreuse (lime/yellow) lanceolate, serrated foliage contrasted by lovely real deep blue flowers spikes. Easy in most gardens.   8″ x 12″    
75. Veronica repens – The shortest in this diverse family! Deep blue tiny flowers simply envelope this mat of tiny emerald green leaves and tangled self rooting stems. A slow spreading creeper.  1/2″ x 14″     AV
76. Veronica saturejoides – A loose mound forming slow creeper with self rooting stems. Leaves are ovate, glossy, leathery and orderly, ascending on short stems. Mid summer, small clusters of  brilliant royal blue flowers with white centers emerge.  Self seeds occ.  6″ x 12″    
77. Veronica schmidtiana – Another small bushy mound former, radiating from a central root system. Fine hair cover all stems and leaves. Spear shaped green leaves are heavily lobed and serrated. Tightly clustered flower spikes are soft blue with darker blue veining. Unusual and hardy.   10″ x 10″
78. Veronica teucrium – (aka V. austriaca, aka V. austriaca ssp teucrium) Loose mounds of lance leafed multiple stems. Leaves are somewhat quilted and gently serrated. Flowers are intense solid royal blue spikes.   12″ x 14″
79. Veronica ‘Water Perry Blue’ – Unusual coloration in this family, where ovate and serrated small green leaves and stems are tinted with burgundy. Flowers too are lavender rose with darker veining. Blooms generously in almost any condition of weather or soil type, as has done by me. 3″ x 14″    AV
80. Vinca minor ‘Lumination Gold’ –(aka Periwinkle ‘Lumination Yellow‘, aka Creeping Myrtle) Tough evergreen ground cover for shade. Distinctive deep yellow/gold ovate lvs., marked with green edges. Solitary funnel shaped flowers are “periwinkle blue”, contrasting very well with the foliage. Tolerant of most poor soils, but must have great drainage and moist.  3″ x 15″
81. Viola adunca – (aka Western Dog Violet, aka Sand Violet, aka Early Blue Violet) Native to northern parts of N.A. Grows on edges of forests. Flowers are purplish blue with white modestly hairy throats. Green, heart to kidney shaped leaves are grown on stems which are from 2 to 6″ long. Flower stems are shorter than leaf stems, giving the flowers the ability to hide. Can be a prolific bloomer if soils are rich (as in my garden!) 3″ x 4″    AV
82. Viola candensis – (aka Canada White Violet, aka Tall White Violet, aka Western Canada Violet, aka V. rugulose) Native to shady woodlands throughout the Prairie Provinces. Elongated, heart shaped, with pointy tips, green coarse toothed leaves. Flowers are mostly white, with occ. pink tints, yellow throats and dark purple lines into the throat. Unopened buds and open flowers are lavender purple on reverse. Plants are taller than most woodland violet varieties.   8-12″ x 6″    AV
83. Viola coreana – (aka Silver Korean Violet, aka V. grypoceras exilis ‘Syletta’, aka V. coreana ‘Sylvetta’) Asian origin. Beautifully patterned heart-shaped, dark green/burgundy lvs. with silver veins and burgundy reverse. Flrs. are violet with white throats and burgundy lines. Seeds out well.   3″ x 5″    AV
84. Viola corsica ssp. corsica – (aka V. bertolonii) Native from Mtn. regions of Island of Corsica (France) Rare var. bearing elongated violet/purple flrs. with white spilling down and deep burgundy lines radiating all around tiny yellow throat. Broad lanceolate shaped leaves are dark green with burgundy/black tinting and crenate edges. Most times stems are semi-prostate, giving an airy open appearance. Self seeds.  5″ x 5″
85. Viola glabella – (aka Stream Violet, aka Wood Violet, aka Smooth Violet, aka Pioneer Violet) Found along streams, moist ditches and woodlands in N. W. N.A. Tolerant of shade. Flowers, bright yellow, held on short spurs with distinctive purple/blk whiskers on lower petals, arise from the same stems as the leaves. Leaves are bright green, round or ovate and toothed slightly. Deciduous plant, returning each spring.  8″ x 5″
86. Viola labradorica – (aka Labrador Violet, aka Alpine Violet) Native to Greenland and Eastern Canada and US. Forms low tufted mounds of dark green (tinted burgundy) heart shaped lvs. Mauve/purple (with purple veined, white throats) flowers arrive early spring (staying to late fall)   4″ x 4″    AV
87. Viola nephrophylla – (aka Northern Bog Violet) Leaves (what few there are…) are all basal, oval to kidney shaped with toothed or/and wavy edging. Flowers are large, bluish/purple (with fine hair on petals) borne on long stems. Found along moist edges of groves, sloughs and bogs.   4″ x 4″
88. Viola pedatifida – (aka Crowsfoot Violet, aka V. palmata var. pedatifida, aka Prairie Violet) Green leaves are all basal, stemless, palmate or in “crowsfoot” form. Flowers are large violet blue with  the 3 widest petals at its base. Found on open prairies and hillsides.  5″ x 5″    AV
89. Viola sororia – (aka Common Blue Violet, aka Blue Meadow Violet, aka Hooded Violet, aka Wood Violet) Ovoid/heart shaped green leaves with crenate edging. Flowers are large and chubby blue violet with large white hair throats. Found growing along forest edges and in meadows.  4″ x 5″    AV
90. Viola sororia ‘Freckles’ – Native to eastern N. A., but may have Asian origins. Plants form a low mound of large green heart-shaped leaves. Flowers are pure white with heavy speckling/splashing of deep violet purple. Blooms from spring till fall.  4″ x 5″
91. Viola sylvestris – (aka V. reichenbachiana, aka Sister Violet, aka Woolly Blue Violet) Resident of Central Europe’s woodlands. Heart shaped/ovoid, glabrous, dark green leaves. Flowers are blue, tinted violet, with 3 largest petals at its base and throats bear deep violet fringed white aprons with tiny orange centers.   4″ x 5″
92. Vitaliana primuliflora ssp. cinera – Member of the Primula family, native to the Alps, Pyrenees and named after Vonati Vitaliano. Bun of small linear deep green rosettes, bearing fine hairs. Stemless buttercup yellow flowers (en mass) arrive just as the snow leaves! Loves full sun and tolerates a variety of soils, provided free draining. 2″ x 10″    AV
93. Vitaliana primuliflora ssp. praetutiana – Native to the Alps, Pyrenees and Mtn. ranges of Spain. Another “Bun” of small “frosted” silvery/green clustered rosettes, smothered by stemless bright yellow flowers in early spring. Perfers gritty soils and full sun.  2″ x 8″    AV
94. Ulmus parvifolia ‘Davidii’ – (aka Lacebark Elm ‘Davidii’, aka Dwarf Chinese Elm) Shrubby miniature elm with woody branches, bearing numerous elliptic, serrated, glabrous, alternate tiny leaves. 14″ x 10″
95. Yucca glauca – Native to SW U.S. (where it is considered a weed…) and lowest SE corner of Alberta and lowest SW corner of Sask. Long lived arid grassland evergreen perennial with narrow and long blade like silvery leaves radiating from a central heart. When mature (and happy) a raceme of 3-4 ft. emerges, bearing white pendulous lg. flowers. Flowers have a symbotic relationship with its only pollinator and seed predator, the Yucca moth (Tegeticula yuccasella/maculata). The moth is genetically coded to insert a pollen mass in the reproductive organ of the plant it cannot survive without! (c/o The Yucca Plant and its Moth…Symbiosis Spring 2011)  3ft. x 3ft.